Mopane - Colophospermum mopane
The most diagnostic feature of the Mopane tree is undoubtedly the butterfly-shaped leaves, which are bright green when they emerge but turn into a kaleidoscope of autumn colours later in the season. These colours are characteristic of the landscape for many months of the year. Most specimens are multi-stemmed and spread upwards in a narrow V-formation with a wide-spreading, rounded but relatively v-formation sparse crown. The bark is light to dark grey in colour and has very prominent longitudinal fissures. Some Mopane trees can attain a height of up to 25 m, especially on alluvial soils. When conditions are less favourable, small Mopane shrubs known as 'Mopane scrub' and locally referred to as "gumane", are more evident. The bark is very distinctly longitudinally fissured. Old stems are very light grey and younger ones are darker and leaves resemble two leaflets arising from a single petiole. They resemble butterfly wings.
The Mopane tree is the most common and widespread of all species occurring in the Okavango Delta and Moremi. The stretch known as Mopane tongue, which covers almost all of dry-land Moremi, consists predominantly of Mopane. The abundance of this species is ascribed to the fact that it is more tolerant of poorly-drained soils than other trees.
Lodges and Camps in Botswana: Audi Camp - Camp Moremi -Camp Okuti - Camp Okavango - Chitabe Camp - Chobe Game Lodge - Chobe Marina Lodge - Deception Valley Lodge - Delta Safari Camp - Elephant Camp Victoria Falls - Footsteps Camp - Gunn's Camp - Kubu Safari Lodge - Kwara Camp Okavango Delta - Leroo-la-Tau - Little Mombo Camp - Mariolina's Victoria Falls - Mapula Lodge - Mombo Safari Camp - Motsentsela Tree Lodge - Nxabega Okavango Safari Camp - Pom Pom Camp - Sandibe Safari Lodge - Savute Safari Lodge - Savuti Camp - Tsaro Elephant Lodge - Xugana Lodge
Botswana Destinations: Chobe National Park - Gemsbok National Park - Kalahari - Khwai - Linyanti - Makgadikgadi Pans - Maun - Moremi Game Reserve - Nogatsaa/Tchinga - Nxai Pan - Okavango Delta - Savute - Tsodilo hills - Tuli Block - Xakanaxa
Zimbabwe Destinations: Victoria Falls
Mammals of Botswana: African Wild Dog - African Elephant - Baboon - Bat-Eared-Fox - Brown Hyena - Buffalo - Cheetah - Eland - Genet - Giraffe - Hartebeest - Hippo - Impala - Jackal - Kudu - Leopard - Lion - Oryx - Puku - Red Lechwe - Roan Antelope - Sable Antelope - Sitatunga - Slender Mongoose - Spotted Hyena - Springbok - Squirrel - Surikate - Tsessebe - Warthog - Wildebeest - Zebra